C Sharp Major Scale (C#): Complete Guide with Notes & Chords

C Sharp Major Scale - Guide with Notes and Pictures
C Sharp Major Scale - Guide with Notes and Pictures

Notes in the C Sharp Major Scale

Ready to master the C Sharp Major scale?

In this ultimate guide, we dive deep into the C Sharp Major Scale. Before you embark on your musical journey and begin your song arrangements, it’s essential that you know the notes that make up the C# Major scale.

The notes in the C Sharp Major scale are:

C#  –  D#  –  E#  –  F#  –  G#  –  A#  –  B#

This scale consists of 7 different notes. Traditionally, when the scale is played, the first note is repeated at the end in the octave above. For the C Sharp Major scale, the final note would be B#.

C Sharp Major Scale: Sharps and Flats

All of the notes within the C Sharp Major scale are sharp notes. 

The scale of any given musical piece is generally indicated by a key signature. This is a visual symbol that flattens or sharpens certain lines or spaces on the staff (horizontal lines of the music sheet).

The flattened or sharpened symbol is placed on each note at the beginning of the music, so the musician knows how to play the specific notes. This method makes sure either the single or grand staff is not cluttered with symbols after every note.

In musical notation, this is what the key signature for the C Sharp Major scale (which contains all sharp notes) looks like:

C Sharp Major Scale - Key Signature

C Sharp Major: Scale Position of Each Note

Each note in the C Sharp Major scale has a specific position within the scale. These positions are also known as degrees. 

When we look at the C# Major scale, the first note (or 1st degree) is C#. The 3rd degree is E#, the 5th is G#, and so forth. Understanding these scale positions will help you when building chords.

Here is each degree of the C Sharp Major scale, which shows each note’s position within the scale.


C Sharp Major Piano Scale

Many musicians who are learning their music theory find it easier to visualize and learn on the piano.

Most scales are made up of a combination of black and white notes on the piano. Knowing these combinations can be a handy trick for musicians to remember hand position and scale.

C Sharp Major Piano Notes:

C Sharp Major Scale - Notes on Piano

C Sharp Major Piano Degrees:

C Sharp Major Scale - Degrees on Piano

There is a pattern to the Major scale that makes learning a scale on the piano easier. 

This pattern consists of whole steps and half steps. To move up (or down) a scale, you take either a whole step or half a step. A whole step is 2 notes, and a half step is 1 note. 


Chords in the C Sharp Major Scale

Now we know the notes in the C# Major Scale, and the different scale positions of each, the next step is to learn the chords.

We’ll focus on the most popular and used chord structure, known as triad chords. Triad chords consist of 3 notes (or pitch tones) within the same scale.

The 3 notes that make up a triad chord are referred to as the Root Note, the 3rd Note, and the 5th Note

Root NoteC#D#E#F#G#A#B#
The 3rdE#F#G#A#B#C#D#
The 5thG#A#B#C#D#E#F#

C Sharp Major in Musical Notation

The next step to mastering the C Sharp Major scale is to understand it when it’s used in musical notation. 

Let’s focus on the 4 most commonly used clefs, which are Treble, Bass, Alto, and Tenor.

C Sharp Major in Treble Clef

The Treble Clef is the most common Clef used in music notation, as it represents a pitch range that is covered by a wide range of popular instruments.

C Sharp Major in Treble Clef

C Sharp Major in Bass Clef

The Bass Clef is commonly used in music notation and represents instruments in the lower pitch registers.

C Sharp Major in Bass Clef

C Sharp Major in Alto Clef

The Alto Clef is less commonly found in music notation. It represents a specific pitch register that is mainly associated with the viola.

C Sharp Major in Alto Clef

C Sharp Major in Tenor Clef

The Tenor Clef is also less commonly found in music notation. It represents a specific pitch register that is mainly associated with the cello and trombone played in higher ranges.

C Sharp Major in Tenor Clef

C Sharp Major Scale Degree and Patterns on Musical Notation

Similarly to the scale on the piano, we can also apply the scale degrees when looking at the musical notation:

C Sharp Major Scale Degree on Musical Notation

We can also add the Major Scale pattern to the musical notation:

C Sharp Major Scale Patterns on Musical Notation

C Sharp Major: Traditional Scale Degrees and Technical Names

In traditional harmony music theory, each note’s position within a scale degree is given a technical name. 

You can think of these names as alternatives to the scale degrees names we discussed earlier (1st, 3rd, 5th degree). These technical names are:

Tonic, Supertonic, Mediant, Subdominant, Dominant, Submediant, and Leading Tone

You’ll find these in certain music literature and references, so it’s good for beginner musicians to know these. 

Here’s what that looks like for the C# Major Scale:

NameTonicSupertonicMediantSubdominantDominanteSubmediantLeading Tone

C Sharp Major: Solfege Syllables

Solfege Syllables is a popular musical system that assigns a specific syllable to each note within a scale degree. 

This is popular amongst singers, as this system is mainly used to sing each scale position to hear the unique sound of each position. Here are the syllables for each scale position:


This system is a great way to train your ears. We can apply this to our scale to get the following:


You can also see the Solfege system for the C# Major scale on the piano roll:

C Sharp Major Scale - Solfege on Piano

Summary: Learning the C Sharp Major Scale

To tie all of this new musical knowledge together, it’s time to understand the relationship between these different musical systems, and how they line up.

Here’s the C Sharp Major scale alongside the scale degree number, steps, Solfege, and traditional musical systems:

NameTonicSupertonicMediantSubdominantDominanteSubmediantLeading Tone

And there you have it, the complete guide to the C# Major Scale. We hope that our guide has helped you on your musical journey!

Thomas Smith
Thomas Smith
As Visionary and Chief Editor of 122BPM, Thomas is dedicated to inspiring the next generation of music pioneers. With a degree in Music and 10 years industry experience, Thomas is now shaping 122BPM as the central hub for music and audio education.
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